Venezuela’s oil companions head for the exit, forgoing unpaid debt

CABIMAS, Venezuela, Oct 27 (Reuters) – Venezuela is permitting companions in state oil firm PDVSA’s joint ventures to go away – by promoting their shares to others or returning them – as long as they forgo cost for previous money owed and unpaid dividends, 4 folks near the matter stated.

Having to take a loss or relinquish unpaid debt has not stopped corporations like France’s TotalEnergies (TTEF.PA)Norway’s Equinor (EQNO.OL)and Japan’s Inpex (1605.T) from leaving. Their departure illustrates how US sanctions on the power sector have made working within the nation with essentially the most crude reserves untenable, resulting in idle oilfields.

Eight international corporations amongst PDVSA’s 44 joint ventures have transferred or given up stakes since 2018. One other seven smaller companies now not have a presence in Venezuela and 15 tasks are inactive, despite the fact that these companions technically stay, an inner PDVSA doc seen by Reuters confirmed.

“None of these stakes are recoverable at e book worth,” stated an oil govt whose agency left Venezuela by promoting to a different firm final yr. “Amongst these remaining within the partnerships, few hope to ever recoup pending dividends or industrial money owed from PDVSA.”

Greater than three years of harsh US sanctions on PDVSA have restricted entry to capital and money stream and have restricted the markets receiving Venezuelan oil, taking a toll on the largely international minority stakeholders, their operations and staff.

Since TotalEnergies and Equinor in 2021 exited one among Venezuela’s flagship oil upgrading tasks, Petrocedeno, smaller companies have adopted.

The French firm reported a lack of $1.38 billion from transferring its 30% stake to a PDVSA unit. It acquired “a symbolic quantity” for its belongings, Chief Govt Patrick Pouyanné stated on the time.

The switch freed whole of previous and future liabilities from its Venezuela tasks. However dividends and money owed owed by Petrocedeno to the companions additionally have been worn out, two folks conversant in the matter stated.

Inpex final yr bought stakes in two Venezuelan belongings to personal fairness agency Sucre Vitality Group, and returned a stake in a 3rd challenge to PDVSA. Accounts receivable and owed dividends have been transferred to Sucre as a part of the transaction, however at a closely discounted worth, an individual concerned within the transaction stated.

The departures spotlight the dangers of doing enterprise with cash-strapped PDVSA and the few authorized avenues out there to corporations that haven’t been paid.

Equinor declined to reveal particulars of the transaction, however confirmed in an e-mail the corporate has no remaining exercise within the nation. Inpex, Whole and PDVSA didn’t reply to requests for remark.


Some corporations dropping employees in Venezuela or coping with labor claims, together with Venezuelan oil agency Suelopetrol and GPB International Sources, have found PDVSA appointed new three way partnership managers or took over their operations.

GPB International Sources, a stakeholder within the Petrozamora three way partnership, in September misplaced operational management on the bottom of its tasks, despite the fact that it had not been knowledgeable on a takeover nor acquired any compensation from PDVSA, the corporate stated.

“There’s a very substantial debt owed by the Petrozamora three way partnership to a subsidiary of GPB International Sources,” the corporate stated in an announcement, including that it intends to pursue “all out there avenues of recourse” towards PDVSA, Venezuela or any third social gathering which will purchase the shares or belongings.

A employee from Petrozamora who requested to not be recognized stated employees has not been paid utterly. “Days in the past, an official handed by and stated the corporate had not revered its contract with PDVSA.”

Suelopetrol declined to touch upon talks with PDVSA, however stated the corporate stays dedicated to Venezuela, with belongings and employees in place.

With corporations and staff leaving nearly en masse, the abandonment of oilfields is seen close to Maracaibo Lake, amongst Venezuela’s oldest producing area. Its oil output retains falling, outages turned routine and a few staff are on the verge of hunger.

“A month in the past, they tried to restart a small rig and it induced an explosion that despatched crude to folks’s homes,” stated a neighbor of Maracaibo’s Cabimas oilfield, his ft stained with oil.

From over 110,000 staff a decade in the past, PDVSA’s workforce has dropped to about 60,000 folks, stated Daniel Delgado, a union chief on the Tia Juana oilfield.

“We’re risking our lives to get an oil barrel out by working in unsafe situations, with out correct tools or medical help. It is a excessive worth,” Delgado stated.

Between 2019 and 2021, PDVSA delivered oil cargoes to companions to cut back excellent debt.

Eni (ENI.MI) and Repsol (REP.MC) this summer season acquired 3.6 million barrels in a short lived resumption of oil-for-debt, however nothing since then. chevrons (CVX.N) has proposed to the US authorities or not it’s allowed to recoup its money owed by way of an expanded license, but pending.

“Nearly not one of the corporations which have left the nation have been on condition that profit,” stated an oil trade consultant who declined to be recognized.

The departures have hit oil service suppliers and contractors the toughest, stated the Venezuelan Petroleum Chamber, whose members fell to 300 from 500 within the final 4 years.

Venezuela final yr fell in need of reaching its oil manufacturing aim. And thus far this yr output has stalled at about 725,000 barrels per day (bpd), nicely under its year-end goal of two million bpd.

To additional enhance manufacturing would require PDVSA to honor previous money owed, stated Enrique Novoa, the Chamber’s president, including: “Sanctions additionally should be eased, at the very least partially.”

Reporting by Marianna Parraga, Mariela Nava and Deisy Buitrago. Modifying by Marguerita Choy

Our customary: The Thomson Reuters Belief Rules.

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