NCAA hoops leagues grapple with unequal pay for ladies’s refs

The NCAA earned reward final yr when it agreed to pay referees at its males’s and girls’s basketball tournaments equally. The gesture solely value about $100,000, a tiny fraction of the roughly $900 million networks pay yearly to broadcast March Insanity.

Now, because the NCAA examines numerous disparities throughout males’s and girls’s sports activities, stress is rising to additionally pay referees equally through the common season. Two Division I conferences advised The Related Press they plan to equalize pay, and one other is contemplating it. Others are resisting change, although the influence on their budgets could be negligible.

“Those which are (equalizing pay) are studying the writing on the wall,” stated Michael Lewis, a advertising professor at Emory College’s Goizueta Enterprise Faculty.

The main points of NCAA referee pay are intently guarded, however The Related Press obtained knowledge for the 2021-22 season that present 15 of the NCAA’s largest — and most worthwhile — conferences paid veteran referees for males’s basketball a median of twenty-two% extra per sport .

That stage of disparity is wider than the gender pay hole throughout the US economic system, the place girls earn 82 cents for each greenback a person earns, in keeping with the 2020 census. And it’s an awesome drawback for ladies, who make up lower than 1% of the referees officiating males’s video games.

Daybreak Staley, the top coach for the College of South Carolina Gamecocks — the ladies’s nationwide champions — stated referees on the boys’s facet ought to be “stepping up” and advocating for equal pay for ladies’s referees. “They do not do something totally different,” she stated. “Why ought to our officers receives a commission much less for taking the (expletive) we give them?”

The individuals who offered AP with knowledge for practically half of the NCAA’s 32 Division I conferences have direct data of pay scales, they usually did so on situation of anonymity as a result of the knowledge is taken into account non-public.

The Northeast Convention had analyzed the widest per-game pay disparity among the many NCAA leagues AP, with probably the most skilled referees for males’s video games incomes 48% extra. The Atlantic-10 paid veteran males’s refs 44% extra, whereas the Colonial Athletic Affiliation paid them 38% extra. (Solely the Ivy League paid veteran officers equally within the knowledge AP reviewed.)

Of the conferences with unequal pay contacted by AP, two — the Pac-12 and the Northeast Convention — stated they plan to stage the taking part in discipline beginning subsequent season. A 3rd, the Patriot League, which had a 33% pay hole final yr, stated it’s reviewing fairness for officers in all sports activities. “Pay is a part of that,” commissioner Jennifer Heppel stated.

The Pac-12 paid referees equally a decade in the past, however allowed a disparity to construct over time, in keeping with affiliate commissioner Teresa Gould. She stated returning to equal pay is “the fitting factor to do.”

NEC commissioner Noreen Morris stated the choice to equalize pay was a simple one to make as soon as it realized that basketball was the one sport the place it was not compensating referees equally.

Relative to the quantities of cash these leagues generate, the price of bridging the pay hole can appear small.

For instance, the SEC paid referees for males’s video games 10%, or $350, greater than these officiating girls’s video games. Over the course of a season, it might value the SEC a pair hundred thousand {dollars} to pay them equally — a sliver of the $3 billion deal it signed with ESPN to broadcast all of its sports activities beginning in 2024.

Essentially the most skilled Division I referees — for males’s or girls’s video games — are effectively paid. Some earn greater than $150,000 in a season, officiating dozens of video games throughout a number of conferences. Newer referees earn far much less, supplementing earnings from one other job.

All NCAA referees are impartial contractors, with no union representing their pursuits, and all need to cowl their very own journey bills.

The busiest referees can work 5 – 6 video games per week in numerous cities, operating up and down the court docket for 40 minutes one night time, getting a number of hours of sleep, after which waking up at 4 am to catch a flight to their subsequent vacation spot.

Dee Kantner, a veteran referee of ladies’s video games who works for a number of conferences, finds it irritating to need to justify equal pay.

“If I purchase an airline ticket and inform them I am doing a girls’s basketball sport they are not going to cost me much less,” she stated.

“Do you worth girls’s basketball that a lot much less?” Kanter stated. “How are we rationalizing this nonetheless?”

A number of convention commissioners stated the boys’s and girls’s video games don’t generate equal quantities of income, and that the extent of play isn’t equal, and so referee salaries are set accordingly.

“Traditionally we have now handled every referee pool as a separate market,” stated Large East Commissioner Val Ackerman. “We paid charges that enable us to be aggressive for providers at our stage. I feel the leagues are entitled to take a look at various factors right here. I do not see it as an fairness challenge — I see it as a market challenge.”

The Large East pays referees working its males’s video games 22% extra, and Ackerman stated there is no such thing as a imminent plan to make a change.

Atlantic-10 Commissioner Bernadette McGlade stated the market-based strategy is what permits her to supply a few of the highest per-game charges throughout the NCAA. “We get probably the most skilled, most certified officers within the nation,” she stated.

Veteran referees officiating within the Atlantic-10 are paid $3,300 for males’s video games, in contrast with $2,300 for ladies’s video games, in keeping with knowledge reviewed by AP. Seven different conferences had increased per-game charges — and narrower gender gaps — final yr, the info present.

Of the roughly 800 referees officiating girls’s basketball this previous season, 43% have been feminine, a proportion that is been comparatively constant over the previous decade. However simply six girls officiated males’s video games final yr — a quantity that has slowly grown over the previous couple of years.

Penny Davis, the NCAA’s supervisor of officers, stated conferences are attempting to recruit extra girls to officiate males’s video games, which is one other means to assist bridge the gender pay hole.

However Davis says she would hate to see even fewer girls refereeing girls’s basketball. “We do not wish to lose our greatest and brightest,” she stated.

A decade in the past, referees working the boys’s and girls’s NCAA Match have been paid equally. However because the profitability of the boys’s event skyrocketed, it is price range grew too — and so did pay for referees.

Each McGlade and Ackerman praised the NCAA for restoring equal pay on the March tournaments. “We’re aware of what the NCAA did for the event,” Ackerman stated. “NCAA Match video games are nearer however not solely a standard officiating expertise.”

Ivy League govt director Robin Harris disagrees. “We determined some time in the past that it was the fitting factor to do to pay them the identical quantity. They’re doing the identical job.”


AP Faculty Soccer Author Ralph D. Russo contributed to this story.


Extra AP girls’s basketball: and


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